Introduction to Electrical & Electronic Laboratory equipment and basic Components.

Assignment Name : Introduction to Electrical & Electronic Laboratory equipment and basic Components.

Learning outcome : To be familiar with all Electrical & Electronic laboratory  equipment and basic Components to be able to successfully identify  and isolate the Electrical & Electronic  Laboratory equipment and basic Components.

Laboratory equipment and basic Components

  1. Avometer : Avometer is a British trademark for a line of multimeters and electrical measuring instruments .

  1. Voltmeter : A voltmeter is an instrument used for measuring electrical potential difference between two points in an electric circuit.

  1. Wattmeter : The wattmeter is an instrument for measuring the electric power (or the supply rate of electrical energy) in watts of any given circuit. Electromagnetic wattmeters are used for measurement of utility frequency and audio frequency power

  1. Ammeter : An ammeter (from Ampere Meter) is a measuring instrument used to measure the current in a circuit.

  1. Energy meter : The energy meter is an electrical measuring device, which is used to record Electrical Energy Consumed over a specified period of time in terms of units.

  1. Clam Meter : In electrical and electronic engineering, a current clamp or current probe is an electrical device with jaws which open to allow clamping around an electrical conductor.

1.     Oscilloscope : It is an electronic test instrument that allows observation of varying signal voltages, usually as a two-dimensional plot of one or more signals as a function of time. Other signals (such as sound or vibration) can be converted to voltages and displayed.

 

2.     Resistor : In electronic circuits, resistors are used to reduce current flow, adjust signal levels, to divide voltages, bias active elements, and terminate transmission lines, among other uses.

3.     Capacitor : A capacitor is a passive two-terminal electrical component that stores potential energy in an electric field.

4.      Inductor :  An inductor, also called a coil, choke or reactor, is a passive two-terminal electrical component that stores energy in a magnetic field when electric current flows through it.

5.      Diode : A diode is a two-terminal electronic component that conducts current primarily in one direction ,it has low resistance in one direction, and high resistance in the other

6.     Transistor : A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power.

7.     Transformer : A transformer is a static electrical device that transfers electrical energy between two or more circuits through electromagnetic induction.

8.      Rectifier : A rectifier is an electrical device that converts alternating current (AC), which periodically reverses direction, to direct current (DC), which flows in only one direction. The process is known as rectification, since it “straightens” the direction of current.

9.      Integrated circuit : An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or “chip”) of semiconductor material, normally silicon.

10.             Switch : In electrical engineering, a switch is an electrical component that can “make” or “break” an electrical circuit, interrupting the current or diverting it from one conductor to another

 

11.             Electric battery : An electric battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells with external connections provided to power electrical devices such as flashlights, smartphones, and electric cars.

12.             Breadboard : A breadboard is a construction base for prototyping of electronics. Originally it was literally a bread board, a polished piece of wood used for slicing bread.

13.             Power supply : A power supply is an electrical device that supplies electric power to an electrical load.


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